GLOSSARY OF TESTS, PROCEDURES & CLINICAL FINDINGS

  • Ascites - The accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling
  • CT (CAT) SCAN - Computerized Tomography (or Computerized Axial Tomography) combines several, cross-sectional, x-ray images of the bones, soft tissues, and blood vessels and converts them into pictures that can be viewed on a monitor.  Gives a more detailed view of the body than a plain x-ray.  Can assist in the diagnosis and treatment plan of a disease or injury.
  • Hysterectomy- A complete hysterectomy removes the uterus and cervix.  A partial (subtotal) hysterectomy removes only the upper part of the uterus.  A radical hysterectomy also removes the cervix, supporting tissues, upper part of the vagina, and usually pelvic lymph nodes.
  • Intravenous (IV) chemotherapy - Chemotherapy administered through the veins using a line, tube, portacath, or implantable venous access device
  • Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy - Chemotherapy administered directly into the abdominal cavity using a port and catheter.  Often used for more advanced stages of ovarian cancer.
  • Lymphadenectomy - Removal of lymph nodes
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Uses radio waves and a magnetic field to create images of the tissues and organs within the body.
  • Metastasis - The spread of a tumor to organs and tissues beyond the primary site
  • Omentectomy - Removal of the omentum, or "fat pad", that supports and covers the organs in the lower abdominal cavity.
  • Oophorectomy - Removal of an ovary.
  • PET Scan - Positron Emission Tomography uses a special camera to locate a radioactive chemical (tracer) that has been injected into the body and absorbed by organs and tissues.  The location of the tracer is usually the site of disease and dysfunction.  Shows organ functioning and blood flow.  Can show how tumors are responding to chemotherapy. 
  • Peritoneal cavity - The potentia space between the layers of the peritoneum, within the abdominal cavity
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery - A non-surgical procedure delivering precisely-targeted radiation beams to a tumor by 3-D imaging.  Uses fewer treatments than traditional radiation therapy, in an effort to cause less damage to healthy tissue.  Can also be referred to as stereotactic body radiotherapy when used anywhere in the body other than the brain.